It is easy to believe that Xanthippe, acutely attuned to justice by nature and circumstances, felt the injustice in both her situation and that of Athenian women generally. The image of the ancient Greek thinker comes to mind immediately when most people think of philosophy. Has â¦ Xanthippe and the Symposium both begin with Socrates standing in a trance on a porch, and both include a dinner party with Socrates and Aristophanes among the guests.) Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. [figs. This seems paradoxical, given the horrific reputation of the woman to whom he was closest. Xanthippe She also had the audacity to do what women throughout history have been mocked, shamed, and punished for doing: to speak up when men are talking. Translated by R. D. Hicks. .â Socratesâs excuses for Xanthippeâs abusive behavior seem to have expanded across Greco-Roman history. Her date of birth can be estimated as 445 b.c.e., since she was the mother of one son in his late teens and two much younger sons when her husband, the Athenian political philosopher Socrates (469-399 b.c.e. Xanthippe was bold enough to publicly scold her husband (who was about 40 years older than her) for shirking his familial responsibilities. Regardless of the nature of her ideas, she is doomed to be mocked for the perceived foolishness of her expression. A well-illustrated survey of the topic, based on thorough scholarship and engagingly written. Athenian women, especially those of the upper classes, were secluded and were segregated from men. : St. Augustine’s Press, 1998. Women in Ancient Greece. May 29, 2012 - Xanthippe douses Socrates. Iâve certainly heard a lot about the man, but no one ever really told me much about his wife. Very likely, Xanthippe recognized this independence of mind and sense of justice in Socrates and chose him as fully as he chose her. Xanthippe, for me, is a symbol of how women have had their personal narratives manipulated throughout history. That’s an interesting word. I wish to deal with human beings, to associate with man in general; hence my choice of wife. Follow. I’ve certainly heard a lot about the man, but no one ever really told me much about his wife. Socrates’ eldest son Lamprocles was born when the philosopher was in his early fifties, his youngest when Socrates was about sixty-five. It is Plato, not Xanthippe, who portrays Socrates as “young and fair.”. Already a member? Pandora’s Daughters: The Role and Status of Women in Greek and Roman Antiquity. Instead of forcing Xanthippe to conform to convention, Socrates conformed to her, believing that learning to live with Xanthippe would be excellent training for getting along with all others. Gossips, Gorgons, and Crones: The Fates of the Earth. Aristotle said that “a proper wife should be as obedient as a slave.” Statements like this can give you a general idea of how unexpected behavior like Xanthippe’s was in ancient Greece. Since almost no contemporary Athenian women thus are recognized, the implication is that Xanthippe was unusual. The marriage of Xanthippe and Socrates would seem to be a match made in hell, between an overage, unattractive, difficult woman and an even older, ugly, underemployed frequenter of the Athenian streets. Really haven't we â¦ Blundell, Sue. Her temper was infamous; her looks may be inferred from some Socratic advice reported by the historian Xenophon (c. 430-c. 354 b.c.e.). Socratesâ experience with Xanthippe may have been of major importance for his political philosophy. She appears to have known most of Socrates’ friends and companions. )—quoting the fifth century b.c.e. Philosophy departments across the US are notorious for their low numbers of women, as well as people of color. Athenian dowries were quite sizable and often included a large sum of money. There aren’t very many women in philosophy. In Xenophon’s Symposium, Xanthippe is described by Antisthenes as: “the hardest to get along with of all the women there are.” She is known to history for her explosive temper and inclination to argue. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness. Instead, she shouted occasionally about virtue, and she was misunderstood. Crito is the main interlocutor of the Crito, an earlier dialogue which takes place in Socrates' prison cell. 1,034 notes. Moreover, by challenging Plato's portrayal of Socrates, Xanthippe seeks to raise a larger philosophical issue about the value of philosophy itself. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. XANTIPA, ESPOSA DO FILÓSOFO GREGO SÓCRATES - XANTHIPPE, WIFE OF GREEK PHILOSOPHER SOCRATES Prof. Dr. Oscar Luiz Brisolara. : Harvard University Press, 1995. Translated by Maureen B. Fant. Caputi, Jane. I decided to look into its origins. Antagonizing many, he was indicted for impiety, tried, convicted, and executed. Noun . Socrates’ acknowledgment of Xanthippe’s active, high-spirited nature is reflected in the imaginary “best city” of Plato’s Politeia (388-368 b.c.e. Reblog. Doyle details how the real, human stories of women are often distorted– mostly, to make them look like monsters. Apr 3, 2015 - Socrates' wife ...40 years much younger than him. May 29, 2012 - Xanthippe douses Socrates. Diogenes Laertius. Many analytic ancient philosophers in the late twentieth century mined the gold Vlastos had uncovered, and many of those who were productive in the developmentalist vein in the early days went on to constructive work of their own (see Bibliography). The Wreckage of Agathon. Xanthippe (c. 435 bceâ? Socrates' wife. The contemporary novelist John Gardner’s The Wreckage of Agathon (1972), based loosely on the life of Socrates, supposes that Agathon’s wife Tuka (“battle-ax”) is of aristocratic background. Xanthippic Dialogues. philosophy philosophy shitpost Socrates xanthippe posts from the zombie queue philosophy meme. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.A legendary figure even in his own time, he was admired by his followers for his integrity, his self-mastery, his profound philosophical insight, and his great argumentative skill. Anecdotes about her verbal and physical abuse of him have become legendary and form most of the traditional image of Xanthippe. Socrates is understood as an important dissenter, but his inspiration is seen as the courtesan Aspasia, not Xanthippe. ; Phaedo, 1675). Socrates has been taught outright and mentioned peripherally in many of my philosophy classes. Xanthippe . This novel gives controversial historical life to Xanthippe (“Tuka”) and Socrates (“Agathon”). These numbers drop significantly for women of color. : Bear, 1993. Regardless of the truth of any of these statements uttered by male philosophers, it’s hard to miss how reading so many statements like this could be discouraging for women entering the field of philosophy. The biographer Diogenes Laertius (late second-early third century c.e.) 3 avr. An interesting, spirited interpretation of the role of “resistant women,” written from an ecofeminist perspective. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He was born in 469 BCE at a place called Deme Alpoece, Athens. )Athenian wife of Socrates whose name, thanks to the philosopher's disciples, has for centuries been a byword for a sharp-tongued shrew . This depression grew worse in her later years, exacerbated by troubles in her romantic relationships and the fact of her increasing deafness. : Harvard University Press, 1991. Nevertheless, both Athenian conventions and Socrates’ own freedom-loving nature made it impossible for Xanthippe to be simply his equal and companion. Socrates has been taught outright and mentioned peripherally in many of my philosophy classes. Whether or not he took his own advice in marrying Xanthippe, there is not the slightest hint that she was physically attractive. Contemporary scholars have noted that Socrates was unusually well-disposed toward women. Another comâ¦ MEANINGS. Born around 435 bce; death date unknown; married Socrates (the Greek philosopher); childrenâonly sons are known: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus. First, to view a woman as a shrew was the common male reaction to any female who was not sufficiently deferential. In 1960, British poet and WWI veteran Robert Graves drafted an essay, published in 1969, that for many would seem the penultimate doctrine of a reactionist. Conversations of Socrates. Paying tribute to Xanthippe’s name, “yellow horse” and perhaps also nodding slightly to the common belief that women are not quite human, Socrates describes Xanthippe as a wild horse in need of taming: It is the example of the rider who wishes to become an expert horseman: “None of your soft-mouthed, docile animals for me,” he says,” the horse for me to own must show some spirit” in the belief, no doubt, if he can manage such an animal, it will be easy enough to deal with every other horse besides. Xanthippe had a nobly rambunctious soul, and Socrates accorded it due respect. 2-5]. This is thoroughly familiar in Socrates’ case. . Anything Socrates wrote himself has not survived. We always give a benefit of doubt to women and not to men. Once he recieved a delicios gift, a large and beautiful cake was sent to him from his friend Alcibiades, but when seeing this, his wife Xanthippe tramplet the cake underfoot. I’ve Paid for an Audio Erotic App Created by Women. She was the first Jewish woman to attend Cambridge University, and she was a feminist. The reason could be that the focus is Socrates and not Xanthippe. 1. No doubt, there is a basis in fact for these anecdotes; Socrates must have been a better philosopher than husband, father, and provider, and Xanthippe may well have been a frequent critic. He questioned and criticized powerful Athenians, comparing himself to a gadfly stinging that noble but complacent horse Athens. Xanthippe disappeared from historical view following Socrates’ execution in 399 b.c.e. Word Count: 2046. An excellent, humorous, insightful parody of Plato’s dialogues. âXanthie,â he was wont to say, âam I condemned to bear the pricks of your needle-pointed words? The philosopher’s wife was, after all, a wife; Socrates and Xanthippe were not fellow guardians in his imagined city. poet Sophocles—wrote, “Silence lends decorum to a woman.” Xanthippe’s concern was not male notions of decorum. That bond is suggested by the fact that the activities of Xanthippe and Socrates were both orthodox and unorthodox. This Xanthippe falls in love with Socrates after listening to him speak, admiring him for his mind and ideas. These figures suggest that Xanthippe married about ten years later than was customary. (5th c. BC) The wife of Socrates. Most of what is now known about Socrates is derived from information that recurs across various contemporary sources: the dialogues written by Plato, one of Socrates' students; the works of Xenophon], one of his contemporaries; and writings by Aristophanes and Aristotle. The number of women awarded philosophy PhDs is about 27%, and just 21% of employed philosophers are women. Is it ever morally justified to dump a chamber pot over someone’s head? Would she give the same version of events if asked about the chamber pot? Xanthippe married, reared children, managed a household, and stayed clear of political life; Socrates, in addition to establishing a family, served in military campaigns and took his turn in holding public office. Yet Xanthippe is also shown to have admired Socrates, especially for his justice, and to have been considerably more accepting of his friends than they were of her. Jahrhundert v. 9. re-crudescence . The fictional pair are far more involved with one another (and with heterosexual relations generally) than historical scholarship would concede. Socrates also gives his own comments in Symposium about Xanthippe, explaining that her argumentative nature is the reason why he likes her. In part, this was because he believed her to be a very good mother, painstaking and selfless, if not especially patient, with her sons. Socrates was one of the greatest Greek philosophers by a wide margin. Xantippe (spelled without the “h”) tells the story of the wife of Socrates from a very different perspective. Sócrates e Xantipa. She does not have the education to articulate her ideas to the men around her. He chose her precisely because of her argumentative spirit.He says: I know full well, if I can tolerate her spirit, I can with ease attach myself to every human being else... See more ideas about socrates, hard to get, 40 years. (The Tribulations of Socrates) Socrates, the sage old Greek, married his Xanthippe and soon learned that patience must be clad with the thickest skin. While I’d like to think that I, myself am not capable of the same action– I can certainly relate to how the Xanthippe of this story might have been feeling in the moments before this act. If Socrates can do philosophy and extra relations simultaneously then why his wife may not have done rearing the children and rearing a relationship. On one hand, denied wider public access, she “stung” most frequently members of her own family. Cambridge, Mass. Cambridge, Mass. In 1881, while a student at Newnham College, she published a poem called Xantippe. I first came across Xanthippe when I was searching for words that were synonymous with “shrew” or “nag.” Xanthippe, I thought. If Xanthippe was twenty-four years younger than Socrates, she would have borne Lamprocles at twenty-eight and her youngest son at about forty-one. Socrates (c. 469 BC â 399 BC) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. This influential interpretation of the position of women in antiquity stresses the breadth and depth of antifemale bias. Itâs commonly known amongst those who have studied Socrates that his wife wasnât the most appealing person to be around, according to the husband, himself. Xenophon. Overall, she seems to have had few illusions about, but considerable affection for, Socrates. What is not so obvious is that Xanthippe’s life may be understood in roughly the same terms, once the necessary revisions in perspective are made. “Xanthippe” is defined by Merriam-Webster as “an ill-tempered woman,” and by Urban Dictionary as “any nagging scolding person, especially a shrewish wife.” The name Xanthippe means “yellow horse,” from the ancient Greek xanthos “blond” and hippos “horse.". According to Socratic doctrine, the response of the high-spirited person to injustice is anger. Philosophy dictionary. Since I study philosophy, I found it kind of strange that I hadn’t encountered the wife of Socrates sooner. war die Ehefrau des Philosophen Sokrates. He believed that persons were not merely “male” and “female” in a simple anatomical sense but also had “souls” significantly independent of gender. He understood that Xanthippe was high-spirited; perhaps punning on her name, he compared her to a horse. In contemporary political life, and internationally, Socrates is invoked for widely variant purposes. Socrates induces his son to acknowledge that Xanthippe’s scolding is not only not malicious but also motivated by special concern for Lamprocles. Philosophy. We Need to Stop Calling Grown Women “Girls”, My Dream of Being a Badass Girl Superhero. It seems that her disagreeableness may have been viewed by her husband as nothing more than an amusing challenge. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Name variations: Xantippe. In her house, in the streets, in the marketplace, in Socrates’ jail cell, Xanthippe was a presence. (Gellio) Oggi hai visualizzato 6.0 brani. In the process, Socrates became a hero of free speech and moral integrity. Translated by Hugh Tredennick and Robin Waterfield. Oder: Xanthippe reisst ihrem Mann mitten auf dem Markt den Mantel weg, das einzige Exemplar der Art in der Familie, und Sokrates lässt sich die Attacke achselzuckend stumm gefallen. There are two probable reasons why Xanthippe married late, perhaps below her social status, and to a notoriously ugly and unproductive man: She was difficult temperamentally, and she was physically unattractive. This work serves as an excellent commentary on the original dialogues. Feminist author Sady Doyle writes in her book Dead Blondes and Bad Mothers, about how women are often perceived as monstrous. Xanthippe was in a classic double-bind: She could not remain silent, but neither could she join her husband’s circle of refined, sustained moral discourse. Phaedo. Diogenes Laertius’s biography of Socrates (in book 2, chapter 5) is the principal source of the colorful, “shrewish” anecdotes about Xanthippe. Xanthippe is here portrayed as a brilliant observer and philosopher. This is not because Socrates was an ideological “feminist,” but because he was observant enough and honest enough to take each person as he or she was. It is clear that Xanthippe had an unusual degree of freedom in her relationship with Socrates. This presumption of equality amused but also unnerved Socrates’ companions, to whom any outspoken, critical woman was abnormal and therefore a “shrew.”, Xanthippe’s attitude toward Socrates was straightforward. Provocative glimpses of Xanthippe begin and end Plato’s treatment of Socrates’ last day of life. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987. Maybe not– but I suppose we’ll never know for sure. But it is not to philosophers and fathers we appeal for Xanthippe; mothers and housewives must judge her. Santa Fe, N.Mex. Socrates advises his companions to avoid sexual relations with beautiful people and to restrict their sexual activity to those who would be shunned unless there existed an overwhelming physical need. Plato generally described Xanthippe as a devoted wife and mother. This extraordinary couple’s challenge to authority was verbal. Go and buy a pincushion, but spare my hide . Xanthippe’s “shrewishness,” then, may be seen in two sympathetic ways. “The female is as it were a deformed male”. “Conversing daily about virtue” was not an option for Xanthippe; she was too busy rearing Socrates’ children and keeping his house. It is easy to believe that her notoriety depended entirely on her relationship with a famous man—that she was a “mere appendage” to him, and an obnoxious one at that. This implies that while Lamprocles may have done nothing wrong, he may also have done nothing right, and that his mother’s words were needed to get him moving. Xanthippe as a real-world example of woman, wife, and mother is present, explicitly and implicitly, throughout Xenophon’s Socratic writings. Gardner, John. Yet Xenophon makes it clear that Socrates very much appreciated Xanthippe. For the entirety of his life, this classical Greek philosopher devoted himself to finding the most ideal way of living a moral life. Jahrhundert v. Chr.) Many must have seen it this way: Socrates was put to death for his disturbing activities, and Xanthippe’s name became synonymous with “shrew.” This view, however, is superficial, ignoring the deep moral bond between the two. Sie bestimmten über weite Strecken das â¦ Xenophon tells the story of Socrates arguing Lamprocles out of his anger with his mother. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Vol. Xanthippe definition, wife of Socrates. Emoji; Slang; Acronyms; Pop Culture; Memes; Gender and Sexuality; Mixed-up Meanings; WORD GAMES. He was condemned to death for his Socratic method of questioning. Xanthippe, Socratis philosophi uxor, morosa admodum fuisse fertur et iurgiosa. , Ancient: [ksantÊ°ípÉË], Modern: [ksanËÎ¸ipi]; 5thâ4th century BCE) was an ancient Athenian, the wife of Socrates and mother of their three sons: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.She was likely much younger than Socrates, perhaps by â¦ Perhaps Amy Levy, who had the audacity to try and succeed in male-dominated spheres of art and discourse, felt a bit like Xanthippe. unbreakable kimmy schmidt xanthippe gifs and graphics. Jacques-Louis Davidâs Death of Socrates (1787) [fig. She spoke, often shrilly, and her voice helped to create philosophical echoes across the centuries. Xanthippe (zan-THIHP-ee) is known not as a mere name discovered through archaeological research but as a meaningful figure in ancient literature. There is also, however, a strong note of optimism in Doyle's writing: “We can find powerful and awe-inspiring visions of ourselves, hidden inside and underneath the stories patriarchy tells to shame us,” writes Doyle. In The Collected Dialogues of Plato, edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns. Maybe it’s because women, as Hegel put it, “are not adapted to the higher sciences, philosophy, or certain of the arts.” Perhaps it is, as Confucius said: “the law of nature that women should be held under the dominance of man.”, Maybe it’s like Aristotle explained, and “the male is by nature superior and the female inferior, the male ruler and the female subject.” Maybe it’s because, as Spinoza suggested, “women are apt to seduce men into making irrational political decisions.” Nietzsche thought that “when a woman turns to scholarship” there is “usually something wrong with her sexual apparatus.”. History and Etymology for Xanthippe. In his 1963 Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote, To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disoâ¦ Xanthippe was an exception to the rule that Athenian daughters, especially those of aristocratic lineage, married very young, often in their mid-teens. KIA: But Plato respected the opinions of Aspasia and Diotima. When Xanthippe looked in the mirror, did she see wrathful, disobedient “yellow horse,” desperately in need of taming? He agrees that she is "the hardest to get along with of all the women there are." Socratesâ wife was Xanthippe. Several pieces of circumstantial evidence suggest that Xanthippe was born into a noble, or at least wealthy, Athenian family. In a number of important ways, each was a conventional Athenian of the time. ), was executed. Greek XanthippÄ, shrewish wife of Socrates She was not silent; she did not defer to or flatter men; she did not conceal her anger. It can be hard to speak up when you know that anything you say might be labeled with the disclaimer: these thoughts came from a woman. Contemporary scholars have noted that Socrates was unusually well-disposed toward women. Diogenes Laertius also mentions that Xanthippe felt ashamed of a dinner that Socrates gave for some rich men, suggesting her awareness of upper-class standards. Xanthippe (hetgeen eigenlijk âBlonde Merrieâ betekent) was de (waarschijnlijk) tweede echtgenote van de filosoof Socrates.Ze wordt een paar keer vermeld in het werk van Plato en Xenophon.. Er zijn bepaalde aanwijzingen dat zij Socratesâ tweede vrouw was. Xanthippe definition is - an ill-tempered woman.